will-data-driven-cities-make-them-more-inclusive

The launch of Smart City Mission put a strong impetus on improvising the lives of citizens through effectively utilising data collected by IoT-based sensors. The mission focuses on affordable housing, urban mobility, waste management, water management etc. The data that is being collected through this IoT sensors have the capability of informing the way cities could be improvised and designed in the future. 

 

The Smart City Mission and IISc Bangalore have collaborated to collect data and analyse it through India Urban Data Exchange which helps in using data for understanding cities in a better way. The data mapped helps in understanding traffic patterns, connectivity to public transport, availability of jobs in the proximity, facilities available in the proximity and neighbourhood diversity. The data available is also aimed at making the citizens smarter of different economic holdings by providing them with information that allows for self-sustainable living. A think tank named mHs City Lab is working towards providing housing solutions to informal settlements. They believe that since everyone has access to digital medium or phones in today’s day and time but lack information on how that could contribute to building houses incrementally, hence the organisation is working towards developing construction toolkit and leveraging that through a digital medium. The digital tools are being developed for the three phases – before, during and after construction. Comprehensive architectural and engineering solutions have been coded into algorithms capable of processing basic user inputs to generate detailed customized outputs, harnessing the potential of the collective intelligence of experts, communities and machines. The interface for each phase is being designed to be accessible through different digital platforms such as mobile phones and computers for an illiterate to the semi-illiterate population who is at the threshold of adopting digital technology today.

 

The data analysis could even start impacting the land use patterns and zoning which will in order also help in controlling gentrification and could lead to inclusive zoning which is currently only being practised in Town Planning Scheme in Gujarat and in Magarpatta township in Pune.The town planning scheme of Gujarat reserves 10 percent of the land for the economically backward class.The data collected can not only make cities smarter but also more inclusive.

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