Madhya Pradesh to shine under Smart City mission for ‘smart waste management’

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Madhya Pradesh was one of the first cities to set up control and command centre which enabled the journey of transformation for waste disposal and management. Every municipal sanitation worker begins their day with brooms and carts along with a RFID to scan every house for waste collection. The command control centre monitors that every house waste has been collected.One of the pioneering cities for waste management is Jabalpur, where the garbage collected, is then taken to over 300 community bins, including around 50 semi-underground bins which are fitted with sensors. As the garbage piles up and the bins are filled beyond 90 per cent of their capacity, they send out automated alert messages to the authorities as well as the command centre to get them emptied. The digital management makes the disposal of waste management more efficient. The tippers closest to the place of the waste collection are alerted and the municipal corporations have been fitted with GPS devices. The technology use optimisation helps in selecting the best routes for waste collection.

The waste is further used to generate electricity after being transferred to a waste-to-energy plant, which has been set up over 65 acres of land in Kathonda village on the outskirts of the city. The plant, which has a capacity of processing around 600 metric tonnes of waste a day, produces around 11.5 MW of electricity daily. The energy produced is enough for 18,000 households every day and amounts to a reduction of approximately 37,000 tonnes of carbon emissions in the city. The officials reveal that the waste-to-energy plant generates electricity worth around Rs 25 million to Rs 30 million in a month. This translates into electricity worth about Rs 300-Rs 350 million in a year. This could also give incentive to the government to subsidise the cost of the electricity so that more residents help in proper waste disposal. Jabalpur is the first city under Smart City Mission to do end to end waste management.

Indore has been awarded the cleanest city twice and Bhopal has been awarded the cleanest capital. Indore not only tackled age-old landfills to introducing various initiatives such as creating awareness among its people about the dangers of generating unmanageable waste, introducing door to door waste collection and taking steps to ensure waste-free local water bodies, but Indore also became the first city in the country to apply for a seven-star rating. Indore apart from effectively treating 35tonne wet waste on a daily basis also reuses the bi-products of the waste by taking into account that the 13000 bio CNG that is produced daily helps in running the city buses. The biomethanation model of Indore has been not only sustainable but also cost-effective in its way to treat wet waste.

Madhya Pradesh is paving way for a cleaner future for the whole of India under the Smart City mission and encouraging other cities to join hands in the process.

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