The city of Nagpur is gearing up to lead the country towards a sustainable future. The Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC) is planning to treat and reuse over 90 percent of its sewage waste. The civic body aims to achieve 100 percent of waste treatment and reuse in the near future. It is following the module of a waste-to-wealth model. The initiative belongs to a private-public partnership category.

The city generates approximately 525 million litres of waste every day. Its vision is to treat and reuse up to 480 million litres per day (MLD) of waste. This accounts for 91.4 percent of the waste being put to use. NMC plans to augment its existing sewage treatment plant’s capacity from 200 MLD to 350 MLD. It will stress the need for a new tendering process along with appointing a new operator. For the same, a proposal will be put forth the standing committee of NMC for approval. Similar formalities would apply to gain approval from the general body of the committee post the standing body’s affirmation.

Officials from NMC assert that Nagpur is the first city to treat and reuse 130 MLD. A driving factor for this initiative is the location of many thermal power projects in the city’s vicinity. This is because of the mandate put up by central and state governments on thermal power stations and industrial units. It guides them to buy treated sewage from urban local civic bodies located within a radius of 50 kilometres.

NMC along with Nagpur Improvement Trust (NIT) is planning to begin mini sewage treatment plants of capacity 72 MLD. This is to reduce pollution in three rivers of the city namely Nag, Pili and Pora. It would also contribute to reducing pollution of the Kanhan and Wainganga rivers and Gosikhurd dam caused due to untreated water flow from the Nag river.

Also, the National Thermal Power Station (NTPS) has affirmed the procurement of 150 MLD of sewage waste from NMC. The authorities are yet to decide the rate of supply of treated sewage. NTPS has issued a formal letter to MNC for the same. This will be followed by signing a Memorandum of Understanding between the two organizations.

The Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited (Mahagenco) has signed a MoU with NMC pertaining to the existing sewage treatment plant of capacity 200 MLD. It has agreed to procure 190 MLD of treated waste for its Koradi Khaparkheda thermal power stations. Mahagenco is also procuring 130 MLD of waste from NMC’s first STP developed under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).

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