F City-Jammu

Jammu is the major and largest city in the Jammu region, the winter capital of Jammu and KashmirA? and located on the banks of Tawi River.

Jammu is also a well-known destination for pilgrims because of the presence of a high number of historical temples and old mosques in the city.

Jammu city lies at the rough edges of low heights at the Shivalik hills. It is surrounded by the Shivalik range to the north, east and south-east while the Trikuta Range surrounds it in the north-west. It is approximately 600 km from the national capital, New Delhi.

Jammu city serves as the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir from November to April when all the offices move from Srinagar to Jammu. Srinagar serves as the summer capital from May to October.


Jammu city has a railway station named Jammu Tawi, which is well connected with major cities of India. The Jammu Tawi station was started in 1975 and is an initiation point for Express trains. Now the Kashmir Railway is being built to connect the state of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country.A? With the starting of the Kashmir Railway, Jammu Tawi will assume immense importance. Then all trains to the Kashmir Valley will pass through Jammu Tawi.

The National Highway 1A that passes through Jammu connects it to the Kashmir valley. National Highway 1B connects Jammu with Poonch town. Jammu is just 80 km away from Kathua town while it is 68 km from Udhampur city.

Jammu Airport is located about 7 km from Jammu. It has direct flights to Srinagar, Delhi, Chandigarh, Leh, Mumbai and Bengaluru.

The city has various mini buses for local transport that run on some defined routes. Besides these, auto-rickshaw, local taxis and cycle rickshaws services are also available.

JNNURM projects

Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has fixed a timeline for implementation of various programmes underA? the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) in the cities of Jammu and Srinagar.

He has also ordered weekly reviews of the programme by the Chief Secretary, fortnightly and monthly progress monitoring by the Minister of State for Housing and Deputy Chief Minister, while the Chief Minster will himself take stock of the schemes under JNNURM quarterly. The Chief Minister gave these instructions at a high level meeting under his chairmanship.

The central government sponsored scheme JNNURM seeks to upgrade and improve the infrastructure of the twin cities of Jammu and Srinagar and all towns in the state, besides other urban development programmes.

Abdullah emphasised the immense importance of kick starting reforms under JNNURM in a fixed timeline so that funds come regularly and the projects are completed according to the targets.

He explained JNNURM is an all-inclusive scheme for the development of cities and towns besides providing basic service to urban poor and implementing Integrated Slum Development Programme.

He asked the Housing Department and the agencies concerned with JNNURM to gear up at all levels and ensure benefits of the programme to the people in the stipulated timeframe.

Capital City Development Programme (CCDP)

The scheme is currently being implemented in two capital cities of Srinagar and Jammu to provide basic civic amenities, broadly classified as:

a) A?Construction of lanes/drains/culverts.

b) A?Construction of bathrooms/lavatory blocks.

c) A?Development of Parks/playgrounds graveyards.

d) A?Development of roads.

The entire allocation is distributed ward-wise among a total of 139 wards of Jammu and Srinagar cities. An outlay of 9 crore was provided during 2011-12 under the scheme.


Tourism is the predominant industry in Jammu as in the rest of the state. It is also the most important region for the pilgrims going to Vaishno Devi and Kashmir valley as it is second last railway terminal in North India. All the routes leading to Kashmir, Poonch, Doda and Ladakh start from Jammu city.

So all through the year the city remains jam-packed with tourists from all the parts of India. Places of interest include old historic places like Mubarak Mandi, Purani Mandi, Rani Park, Amar Mahal, Bahu Fort, Raghunath Temple, Ranbireshwar Temple, Karbala, Peer Meetha, old city and a number of shopping places, fun parks, etc.

Abdullah said that top quality service and hospitality to tourists is essential to make them visit the state time and again. He explained that while proper infrastructure is important for comfortable stay of tourists in the state, the high quality service delivery is crucial for
this purpose.

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