Delhi NCR (National Capital Region) is the metropolitan area of Delhi that includes satellite cities like Faridabad, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad and Noida.
The concept of National Capital Region was mooted in the first master plan of Delhi, notified in 1962. The predominant aim was to lessen the burden of burgeoning population in Delhi and satiate the demand for more space owing to large scale industrialisation. Therefore Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad and Faridabad were the names that came up for developing the whole NCR region.
Noida and Greater Noida areA? well planned and executed industrial townshipsA?A? with good utility, social and commercial infrastructure and housing for all groups with very fast growth and settlement pattern and fast connectivity. These new towns have also very progressive governance mechanisms for speedierA? building regulatory controlA? as well as support to greenA? building initiatives.
Delhi comes under the governance of NCT, called the National Capital Territory. However, the Central Government does have some control over the administration and other departments.
With the inception of NCR region, the demand for expansion and a better infrastructure was solved to a great extent. With the development of satellite cities like Gurgaon and Noida, most of the government offices found their place in these satellite cities including international and domestic companies.
Large MNCs and corporate bodies from all over the world are focusing on Delhi as a manpower and skilled labour resource. NCR region is now home to major international and domestic companies, such as IT, ITES, BPOs and other manufacturing and service industries.
Better connectivity through various transport and improved infrastructure between Delhi and NCR make it easier for commuters to reach their
workplace. New roads and flyovers make sure people dont face difficulties in travelling from Delhi to any of the satellite cities.
Owing to the proximity with New Delhi, there has been a tremendous growth in the infrastructure and economy of these cities. States like Haryana and Uttar Pradesh have benefitted a lot from the recent developments in sectors like real estate, IT, ITES, manufacturing and other service industries.
The National Capital Region Planning Board [NCRPB], under Government of India Ministry of Urban Development is playing a stellar role in the planning ofA? integrated spatial developmentA? and infrastructureA? build upA? forA? the national capital region of NCT of Delhi and nearby satellite towns of Gurgaon, Faridabad, Bahadurgarh, Rohtak,A?A? Ballabgarh, Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad and influence towns of Sonepat, Panipat, Meerut, Alwar, Daruhera, Bhiwadi, etcA? in states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh , Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh andA? working closely with the respective state governmentsA? and the planning and development agenciesA? in aA? co-ordinated and integrated manner.
Delhi Transport Corporation or the DTC is the main transportation medium in Delhi. DTC buses run all through the city including the National Capital Region (NCR). DTC is the worlds largest compressed natural gas bus service. The service has come a long way since its inception in 1984. Now all buses have been converted into CNG to control the pollution level of the city. Apart from the bus service of the DTC, there are Blue Line services
controlled by private operators.
As one of the most populous regions in India, Delhi NCR region demands an efficient transportation system that is fast and reliable. With the advent of Delhi Metro Rail Service, the transport system has become very smooth and efficient.
Delhi Metro is a world-class metro. To ensure consistency and safety in train operations, it is equipped with the most modern communication and train control system. It has state-of-art air-conditioned coaches. Ticketing and passenger control are through Automatic Fare Collection System, which was introduced in the country for the first time in 2002. Travelling in Delhi Metro is a pleasure, with trains ultimately available at three minutes intervals. Entries and exits to metro stations are controlled by flap-doors operated by smart-cards and tokens. For convenience of commuters, adequate numbers of escalators are installed at metro stations. The key to the success of Delhi Metro is its integration with other modes of public transport, enabling the commuters to conveniently interchange from one mode to another.
Recently, in a bid to make public transport convenient, reliable and safe across the NCR, the parliamentary committee on transport called senior officials from all the four constituting states. The authorities listed the steps they are taking, such as installing CCTV cameras and sensitising drivers and conductors, particularly with regard to safety of women passengers.
The International Airport of Delhi, popularly known as Indira Gandhi International Airport, is located 24 kilometres south of New Delhi. It is a three-terminal airport used by major airlines from across the world. The new Terminal 3 has become Indias and South Asias largest and one of the most important aviation hubs, with a current capacity of more than 46 million passengers and plans for handling more than 100 million passengers by 2030.
In a new move many of the office buildings in Delhi NCR region are opting for eco-friendly workplaces. Employees at an office block in Greater Noidas Ecotech City do not need any artificial lighting. Not even a CFL bulb. Sunlight floods into their workspaces, and the play of light and fresh air ensures an almost ideal temperature inside.
This office block at Greater Noida is one ofA? 80 such green buildings in the NCR, which together occupy 121 million sq ft. The building draws 100% of its electricity from a photovoltaic plant, and consumes 50% less power than comparable buildings in the region.
The new building for the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) at Jor Bagh is another such example. The building, which is expected to be ready by next year, is being constructed in a way so that it gets both the GRIHA 5-star
rating and the LEED India Platinum rating. A major
feature of the building will be zero tolerance to surface-parking. A three-level underground parking is being constructed with preference given to CNG or electric vehicles as well as car-pools.
Business and Economy
The economy of Delhi has grown at a fast pace over the past few years. Delhi has a robust and vibrant economy, evident from its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Being the largest commercial centre in northern India, it has an estimated net State Domestic Product (FY 2010) of 157,817 crore ($28.72 billion). As of 2010, the per capita income of Delhi was 135, 820 ($2,471.92), the third highest in India after Chandigarh and Goa. Delhis GDP, on average, grew by 10.7% between 2007 and 2012, making it one of the fastest growing cities in the region.
The sectors that have witnessed massive growth are trade, real estate, hotels, restaurants, financing, banking, insurance, business services and other service centred industries.
Over the past few years, Delhi has become the hub of business processes being outsourced by companies in the U.S. and the UK. Thousands of graduates are nowadays working in the Indian call-centre industry which has seen and unprecedented boom in the capital. It has also opened doors of employment for thousands of eligible graduates from all over India.
Top BPO companies in Delhi and NCR include EXL, Xansa, IBM, I-energizer, Evalueserve, Integreon, Market RX, V-customer and HCL Technologies BPO.
Among the wide array of services and outsourcing units in these call centres, the main services include online query processing, back office operations, customer service, technical support services, transaction processing, collections and knowledge process outsourcing.
Real Estate and Housing
Recently the investment in property and real estate has become the most popular and important trend in the region. Property or real estate investing or dealing has also become a major source of making money.
As the capital Delhi NCR has become the investment destination for the new developers like Tata Housing, Chintals, Shobha Developers etc.
In Gurgaon, new projects by Emaar MGF, Ireo, Bestech, Unitech, The 3C Company, Vatika, Vipul, Central Park, Shobha are all coming up with premium living housing projects. These developers are constructing luxury apartments, villas, independent bungalows and duplexes with the price ranging from 1.5- 7 crore. The maximum housing especially for the middle income and other groups are coming up in Noida, Faridabad, Greater Noida and Ghaziabad.
More projects were launched in 2012 in Delhi than in Mumbai, Bangalore and Chennai. Delhi NCR has in the last year emerged as the most preferred location for investors and end users because of the high rate of appreciation and ease of resale of property.
Delhi Jal Board (DJB) is predominantly responsible for production and distribution of drinking water in Delhi. The Board is also responsible for collection, treatment and disposal of waste water/sewage in the capital.
The board is fully committed to providing efficient and prompt services to the citizens of Delhi. Delhi Jal Board has also been meeting the needs of potable water for the National Capital Territory of Delhi.
The shortfall in water distribution is fulfilled by private and public tube wells and hand pumps. At 240 MGD, the Bhakra storage is DJBs largest water source, followed by the Yamuna and Ganges rivers.
Last November, the availability of water in Gurgaon was enhanced by almost four times after the construction of the NCR channel of 800 cusecs capacity.
New Delhi, the capital and the centre of countrys administrative activities, has always been the main tourist attraction of India. Tourism in Delhi has shown a robust growth in recent years as tourists from all parts of world throng to the city.
For tourists visiting Delhi, there are a number of attractions to see. Historical monuments, museums and temples are some of the sightseeing places in Delhi. Lal Quila (Red Fort), Humayuns Tomb, Qutab Minar and Jama Masjid are among the most popular destinations to visit in Delhi. There are also other attractions like Akshardham Temple, Lotus Temple, Iskon Temple, Birla Mandir, Rajghat, India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhawan, Chandni Chowk, Connaught place etc.
The capital has a stunning mix of old and new world. On one side there are old architectural sites, buzzing streets and exotic markets, and on the other side, Delhi has magnificent malls, bridges, modern swanky high rise buildings and lots of greenery.
Education in Delhi is provided by a large number of public and private institutions. The NCR region is predominantly known as a centre for research in technology and the information technology in India.
Education in Delhi has seen a remarkable growth over the last few years with the establishment of several world class colleges and research institutes.
Delhi has always been the education hub of India with the reputation of producing great talents. Delhi has universities, colleges and schools that can
compete with the top in the country.
Delhi is home to some of the worlds premier institutions such as the Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of Technology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the National Institute of Fashion Technology, AJK Mass Communication Research Centre under Jamia Millia Islamia University and the Indian Institute of Mass Communication.
Over the past few years overpopulation and the consequent overuse of meagre resources such as water has put heavy pressure on the capitals
environment. Water pollution and a lack of solid waste treatment facilities have caused serious detrimental effect to the river on whose banks Delhi grew, the Yamuna. Other environmental pollutions like air
pollution and sound pollution have severely affected the well-being of the citys and areas inhabitants as well as the flora and fauna.
The growing level of toxics like nitrogen dioxide, PM10 and PM2.5 (Particulate
Matter) has made the capitals children more vulnerable to respiratory diseases. A recent study has revealed that 32% of children sought medical help after being diagnosed with respiratory problems.
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